What to do next with hyacinth when it has faded
Blooming hyacinth is a magnificent decoration of an apartment or house, as well as an original gift for any holiday. The color scheme of the plant is striking in its versatility and richness. You can find flowers of blue, pink, purple, snow-white, yellow, cream color. With proper care, a culture can produce buds at any time of the year, however, not all flower growers know what should be done with it after it has blossomed. In the article, learn how to properly care for a plant after it has flowered, and how to store the bulb.
Hyacinth care after flowering in a pot
Proper care, organized by hyacinth after flowering at home, is a guarantee that soon the flower will be able to surprise with repeated color formation. Many ignore the procedure for caring for the plant after flowering, leaving the perennial in a pot, however, such events are very important for its further growth and development.
After the flowers fade and begin to crumble, the peduncles should be carefully cut, moreover, this must be done before the seed box is formed, otherwise it will deprive the bulb of strength, thereby weakening its immunity. But experts advise not to cut the green mass, but wait until it dries naturally. This will allow the onion to strengthen and strengthen. Only after the leaves have completely dried, they should be removed using a sharpened, sanitized knife.
Important! After cutting the entire aerial part, it is very important to continue to moisten and fertilize the plant, otherwise the bulb will remain exhausted after flowering and will not be able to fully develop for the next season.
What to do with the bulb after flowering
After the hyacinth has faded and the soil has completely dried, it is necessary to carefully remove the bulb from the pot and place it in a cool, dark place so that it dries.
After that it is recommended:
- clean the onion of soil residues;
- remove excess scales, root processes, growths from the surface of planting material;
- keep the bulb in a dark cool place at a temperature of + 16 ... + 18 ° C until the time of transplantation. Care must be taken to maintain a normal level of humidity in the room, otherwise the material may dry.
Within one year, planting material will gain strength, get stronger and will be able to please again with magnificent and colorful flowering in about 10-12 months.
Care after flowering in the open field
For the successful cultivation of hyacinth in open soil, annual digging of the bulb after flowering of the crop is mandatory. In addition, the measures allow visual inspection of planting material for signs of fungal ailments and pests, as well as sorting the bulbs and their preventive treatment.
Did you know? Translated from Greek, the name "hyacinth (hyacinthus)" means "flower of the rain." The people quite often call the flower "mouse peas."
Watering and feeding
Before you remove the hyacinth bulb from the soil, you must:
- after flowering, cut off all the arrows.Do the procedure before the formation of seed bolls, which take away plant nutrients and moisture;
- wait for the complete natural drying of the leaf mass;
- leave the bulbs in the ground for 2-3 months, organizing competent care.
In the period when the planting material will be in the ground, it is necessary to perform a number of agrotechnical techniques aimed at strengthening and restoring it. For this culture should be fertilized 2-3 times with an interval of 10-14 days, using complex mineral fertilizers, with a high nitrogen content, designed for deciduous plants.
At high temperatures the plant needs to be regularly moistened, focusing on the state of the upper soil layer. Experts advise protecting the flower from the summer heat through the earthing up of bushes. Moreover, the process must be carried out in such a way as not to affect the growth point.
Do I need to transplant
As a rule, a hyacinth bulb is dug up in the last weeks of June - the first days of July. It was during this period that the entire aerial part of the plant turns yellow and falls. Until the fall, planting material is left to rest, and they are engaged in transplantation in late October - early November.
Experts recommend replanting the plant annually. If you do not dig up hyacinth in the summer, nothing critical will happen and the culture will be able to bloom again next season, however, it is impossible to call such a full bloom: the inflorescences are compressed, deformed, and the peduncle is small and short. In addition, such a wintering will not at all add strength and immunity to the bulb.
How to transplant
As noted above, hyacinth transplant activities are carried out between October and November, depending on the climatic conditions of the growing region. The basic conditions for landing are considered air temperature indicators not lower than + 7 ... + 9 ° С and not higher than + 13 ... + 14 ° С.
The transplant technology is simple and is based on the following algorithm:
- 2-3 weeks before planting, prepare the site: clear of vegetation, dig the ground to a depth of 40 cm;
- enrich the soil with nutrients, for example, add 4 cups of ash, 20 g of potassium and 40 g of superphosphate per 1 m². When hyacinths are grown on too acidic lands, the soil is deoxidized by adding dolomite flour or lime;
- make furrows on the bed, pour river sand in a thin layer in them;
- on top of the sand layer to a depth of 10-14 cm, lay the bulbs bottom-down, keeping the distance between the specimens at 10-13 cm, between the rows - 15-25 cm;
- fill the holes with earth and pour plentifully with the settled non-cold water.
After planting the material, it is recommended to mulch the bed with a layer of straw or sawdust. Closer to winter, it is necessary to insulate plantings with spruce branches, and in the spring, when the snow will melt, remove the shelter.
One of the most important aspects when growing hyacinths is the proper storage of bulbs after they are removed from the soil, since it is at rest in the material that the process of maturation of the inflorescences begins. If planting material is dug later than the deadline, it does not provide quality care and does not adhere to optimal storage conditions, then the flowering of the plant will be very poor subsequently. Mostly, the entire shelf life of bulbous material is 95 days.
Important! The first stage of bulb storage can be reduced by 7–10 days if you withstand the material at a temperature of +30°WITH.
In this period of time:
- dried bulbs from dirt and earth are dried in a well-ventilated, dark and dry place at a temperature of about + 20 ° C for a week;
- dried material is stacked in cardboard or wooden boxes in two layers.
Further conservation is carried out in two stages:
- at the first, the bulbs are placed in a room with temperature indicators + 24 ... + 26 ° C and can withstand about 2 months;
- in the second, the material is transferred to a cooler place, with a temperature of + 15 ... + 17 ° C and left for 1 month. At the same time, it is very important not to allow low air humidity, since the bulbs can dry out.
Did you know? The birthplace of hyacinth is Asia. He came to the countries of Europe by accident in the 17th century: the ship on which the plants were transported sank off the coast of the Netherlands, and in the spring surprisingly beautiful flowers bloomed by the sea and became a real miracle for local residents.
Before planting the plant for the winter, it is recommended that they be kept in a cold place for 3-4 days to allow them to adapt to the winter cold.In the autumn, a few weeks before the alleged frosts, planting material that was driven out at home should be planted in open soil and insulated. In winter, it will winter, in spring it will please flowering, and next fall it will again be suitable for home distillation.
Bulbs that have bloomed in open ground can be planted in pots and placed in a cool room with a temperature of + 4 ... + 5 ° C for distillation. However, this procedure is only suitable for adult material. Children should be grown on the site for several years, until they reach the size of an adult bulb and begin flowering.
Hyacinth is a beautiful fragrant flower, which is appreciated by gardeners for lush, long-lasting and colorful flowering. The plant is rather capricious and requires proper care, even after it fades. However, observing the basic rules of agricultural technology, and with a little effort, even a novice gardener will be able to grow an original perennial in his flowerbed or window sill.