Features of hydrangea Fiery beauty
Large-leaf hydrangea of the Fiery beauty variety is a spectacular shrub that is grown to decorate the garden and park areas. About the characteristics of the plant, its botanical description, as well as the rules of care - further in the article.
Large-leaf hydrangea (Hydrangea macrophylla) refers to a species of plants of the genus Hydrangia, the Hydrangia family. This species has a large number of different varieties, one of which is Fiery beauty.
The culture grows in the form of a bush capable of reaching up to 2 m in height. It is used to decorate landscape areas by planting in compositions with other decorative flowers and shrubs, or placed as a tapeworm.
Did you know? "Adzisai" is the Japanese name for hydrangea, which translates as "purple sunny flower."
Crohn's plant has a spreading shape. In diameter, it reaches 2 m. Leaf plates are large, smooth, ovoid in shape, with a sharp point at the end. Their color varies from light green to dark green.
The flowers are collected in large inflorescences of spherical shape. In diameter, they can reach up to 20 cm. A single flower has 4 petals closely adjacent to each other. Its diameter is 3-4 cm. Petals are painted in bright red with a pink tint.
Shrub varieties Fiery beauty begins to bloom in early July. With proper care, the flowering time continues until mid-November. The plant is thermophilic; regions with a temperate or warm southern climate are excellent for growing it. The frost resistance of the shrub is characterized as high - up to -18 ° C. The plant requires increased attention to hydration.
Did you know? Hydrangea is capable of accumulating in the tissues of aluminum, an excess of which gives the inflorescences a blue hue.
Hydrangea planting time in open ground is chosen according to the weather conditions of the region. If planting is carried out in the cold northern regions, then it is better to perform this procedure in the spring, then the seedling will have time to fully root before the winter period.
In regions with a temperate climate, you can plant the plant both in spring (from mid-April to mid-May), and in autumn (from early September to mid-November). During the autumn planting, it is important to have time to place the plant in the ground 3 weeks before the frost, so that it has time to adapt and not die during the first drop in temperature.
Hydrangea is planted in well-lit or semi-shaded areas. For adequate plant development, the soil must be acidic, well-drained. Sandy or fertile land is perfect. When choosing a site for planting, you should pay attention to the fact that the plant is not located in the place of flooding during periods of snowmelt or rain, otherwise the root neck may undergo fungal infection or rot.
Landing area is prepared in the autumn. To do this, the area is cleared of vegetation residues, and the soil is dug up to a depth of 40 cm. For each 1 m², 5 kg of humus, 10 kg of peat and 10 kg of river sand are introduced. During the winter period, the soil will become more loose and moisture permeable.
Important! Hydrangea should not be planted near tall trees, otherwise large crops will absorb all moisture when watering.
Instructions for planting hydrangea in open ground:
- Dig a hole 40 cm deep and 30 cm wide.
- Mix the upper fertile soil layer with 10 kg of peat, 10 kg of sand, 5 kg of humus, 30 g of superphosphate.
- At the bottom of the pit lay a layer of drainage (expanded clay, fragments of brick, gravel) 5 cm high.
- Before the middle of the volume of the hole, the previously prepared substrate is introduced over the drainage base.
- Introduce the seedling into the pit, and gently straighten the rhizome along the embankment from the soil.
- To the top of the hole should be added soil substrate, densely compacted.
- Pour the plant with 5 liters of water and mulch with peat.
The proper development of the plant will depend on further care for it. The shrub is moisture-loving, the lack of moisture leads to a disease of chlorosis, due to which the culture loses the beautiful color of leaves and flowers, dries out.
therefore Do not allow overdrying of the earth layer of the root zone. During short rains, watering is done only as necessary. In the dry season, irrigation is carried out once a week. Under each bush make 15-20 liters of water, which is upheld for 2 days.
Important! Each month, the soil near hydrangea is mulched with peat, which allows you to maintain the necessary moisture in the soil layer and prevents the appearance of weed grass.
Three top dressings are made per season .:
- During the budding period, fertilizer is carried out with 20 g of urea dissolved in 20 l of water. This amount of fertilizer is enough for 1 adult plant.
- In mid-June, a second top dressing is carried out, prepared from 20 g of superphosphate and 20 l of water. A solution in this amount is prepared for one copy of hydrangea.
- In mid-July, a mullein solution in the amount of 10 l was added under each bush. It is prepared from 3 kg of manure and 10 liters of water.
The first pruning of hydrangea is performed when the plant reaches 3 years of age. Until this time, only sanitary removal of shoots is carried out. Dry branches growing inside the bush, damaged by pests and diseases, are cut off.
With the onset of the fourth year of shrub growth, all shoots are trimmed to 4 buds. This procedure promotes abundant flowering.
Starting from the age of six, pruning is necessary to rejuvenate the plant. Under the root, lignified shoots are cut in an amount of not more than 3 pieces per year.
Hydrangea large-leaved Fiery beauty - a bright decorative shrub, which requires special care. But despite the capriciousness, many gardeners really like the flower culture mentioned, it is planted with the aim of landscaping the homestead and park areas.