How and when should hydrangea be transplanted to a new place
Now hydrangea is a popular ornamental plant, which can often be found in garden and summer cottages. It requires quality care. And although the transplantation is not included in the list of mandatory measures for growing this flower, often situations arise when it needs to be moved to another place. How to do it right - later in the article.
When can hydrangea be transplanted to another place
Hydrangea does not like to be disturbed. Therefore, it should be moved to another place of growth if an emergency arose.
Usually transshipment of plants is carried out in situations:
- The platform on which the decorative culture grows is not suitable for it. It does not vegetate well and does not bloom.
- The bush has grown greatly. At the same time, some branches lack light, resulting in the formation of small inflorescences that spoil the decorativeness of the plant.
- The area on which hydrangea grows is intended for any other purpose, for example, construction, planting of other plants.
- A flower is required to create a decorative plant group in another sector of the landscape.
Hydrangea can be transplanted at any time of the year, except winter. The indicated manipulation in each of the periods has its own characteristics, advantages and disadvantages.
Did you know? Hydrangea was brought into Europe from Asia at the beginning of the 14th century. At that time, the flower was too expensive, and only rich people could cultivate it.
In the spring
This time is the most preferable for transplantation. If possible, then the procedure should be done in the spring. So the plant will have time to adapt well before the onset of frost and survive the winter without any problems. Spring is suitable for transplanting hydrangeas growing in any region of the country. While summer and autumn - exclusively for plants decorating flower beds in areas with a warm climate.
It is worth paying attention that the flower is not moved to another place throughout the spring. The most favorable time is during the “sleep” period of the culture, before the swelling of the kidneys. It is only important that by this moment a positive temperature is already established and the earth warms up. For example, in the middle lane such conditions are observed in April - early May.
The most unfavorable period is the moment of flowering. Agrotechnical reception at this time interval negatively affects the duration of adaptation
If the bush has grown greatly, then planning to move it to a new site, you can plant it, dividing into several parts. You will have to plant a flower during reproduction from layering.
In this season, a transplant can be made when flowering ends, i.e. closer to the end of August. At other times, the procedure cannot be carried out. This will negatively affect the plant and may lead to its death.
Did you know? The name hydrangea comes from two Greek words, translated as “water” and “vessel”. Linguists believe that the flower received such a name because of the external similarity of seed boxes with jugs or because of its great love of moisture.
In the fall, hydrangea should be moved after the growing season. For example, in the middle lane this can be done from August to September. In the southern regions, the procedure is allowed until October. When planning to transplant a flower in the fall, it is important not to delay the timing. The plant should have a lot of time to adapt and prepare for the cold.
After the above procedure in the autumn period, hydrangea necessarily requires the construction of a shelter. The plant is wrapped in burlap, agrofibre, spruce branches.The root system is insulated by mulching with a high layer of sawdust, fallen leaves, peat.
Video: Hydrangea transplant in autumn
How to transplant hydrangea
To successfully transplant hydrangea, you must follow some rules. The first thing you need is to choose a site in accordance with the preferences of the plant. The second condition is competent site preparation. Third - compliance with the landing technology.
Transplant site conditions
When transplanting hydrangea, one should take into account its preferences for growing conditions. In particular, she needs:
- diffused sunlight;
- increased soil moisture;
- loose loamy soils rich in humus and minerals;
- soil with a slightly acidic or acidic pH.
Important! If transplantation of panicled species of culture is carried out, then it is necessary to choose a place that is in light partial shade throughout the day. When planting "in the sun," the flowering time is reduced.
These parameters should be taken into account when choosing a place for the growth of the described culture. It should be light with light partial shade, sheltered from drafts, moist, fertile. The flower will not grow in the shade. The site is considered ideal, which is heated by the sun in the morning and evening, and during the lunch period is under easy shading.
Not bad flower "feels" near the fence. It can also be planted in the background of an alpine hill. If you plan to move the described decorative culture near garden paths, then it is advisable to place it a meter away from them. Otherwise, lush flowering will impede movement on the paths.
Preparation and soil parameters
Hydrangea soil needs loose, fertile, moist, with an increased level of acidity. The site before transplantation must be thoroughly cleaned of plant debris. This will prevent the development of diseases and the multiplication of pests. For the same purpose, it must be dug up on a bayonet shovel.
To fill the pit, prepare a nutritious soil mixture. You can compile it on the basis of fertile garden soil and horse peat with the addition of rotted sawdust of conifers, forest soil, pine bark. It is necessary to fertilize with compost or humus, as well as superphosphate (30–40 g), potassium sulfate (25–30 g), urea (15–20 g), ammonium nitrate (if preparation is carried out in the spring).
You can not add lime, dolomite flour, wood ash to the soil for planting hydrangeas. These elements reduce the acidity of the soil mixture, which is why the flower does not take root.
Video: Preparing soil for hydrangea
Before moving the hydrangea to another place, dig a circular trench about 0.5 m deep in a radius of 30–40 cm from the trunk. Compost must be placed in it, which must be moistened periodically. After a while, the plant will give young lateral roots.
Immediately before transshipment, you need to bind the branches to the trunk. This will somewhat facilitate the procedure.
The planting hole should be prepared in advance - 2-4 weeks before the planned hydrangea movement. It needs to be dug 2-3 times larger than the rhizome. Typically, the size of the recess is 50 × 50 × 50 cm or 10 cm more.
Important! When planting hydrangea in open ground, it is necessary to control that the root neck is at the level of the earth's surface.
Next, proceed as follows:
- A day before the planned procedure, water should be abundantly poured in the near-trunk zone, so that later the underground part of the culture easily leaves the ground.
- You need to moisten the well well.
- Cover the bottom of the pit with drainage using coarse sand or expanded clay.
- Pour a low layer of cooked soil mixture on top.
- Dig a bush along the outer edge of the trench.
- Extract the plant without destroying the earthball.
- Set the seedling in the center of the pit.
- Completely fill the voids in the hole with earth.
- Lightly compact the soil.
- Dig a shallow furrow at a distance of 20–25 cm from the stem along the entire circumference of the trunk circle.
- Pour a bucket of water into it.
- Lay a layer of mulch in the near-trunk zone.
- Trim the ground (if necessary).
- Shade the plant.
Further care of the bush
Hydrangea requires increased attention from the grower. She needs not only special conditions, but also high-quality care, which includes regular moisturizing, fertilizing, trimming, loosening, weeding and mulching.
One of the features of the described culture is an increased love of moisture.. Therefore, it is worth watering twice a week. In the period of heat and drought, irrigation should be carried out more often. The recommended average water consumption for the bush is 30 liters.
To hydrangea bloomed for a long time and magnificent, it must be fertilized. Top dressing is introduced from spring to autumn. In the spring, nitrogen-containing mixtures are used, for example, urea (10–20 g / 10 l of water / 1 m²), ammonium nitrate (15–30 g / 10 l of water / 1 m²), an aqueous solution of chicken droppings (1:20), Mullein (1:10), "green" fertilizers. In summer and autumn, potassium sulfate (10–20 g / 10 l / 1 m²) or potassium sulfate, as well as superphosphate (10–20 g / 10 l / 1 m²) are added.
Of the finished compounds use specially designed for this decorative culturefor example, Fertika Kristalon for hydrangeas and azaleas, Agricola for hydrangeas, Bona Forte, Long-term fertilizer for rhododendrons, azaleas and hydrangeas from ASB Greenworld.
In order for the plant to have a well-groomed, healthy appearance, it must be cut annually. In spring, branches that provoke thickening are cut out, sick, stunted, frostbite, too old. In autumn, the crown is formed by shortening shoots by 3-5 buds.
Before winter, hydrangea is covered with dry grass, spruce branches, straw, fallen leaves. In order to warm the root system, the trunk area is mulched with humus, peat, sawdust.
Planning a hydrangea transplant is necessary only if necessary, since this culture does not like to be disturbed. You can move the flower to another place from spring to autumn, depending on the region of growth. In order for the plant to quickly and easily adapt to new conditions, it is important to choose the right site, properly prepare it and observe the technology of planting in open ground.