Indoor jasmine: home growing
If you want to decorate your home - take a look at indoor jasmine. This beautiful shrub will surely delight you with its fragrant flowering, if you provide it with suitable growing conditions and follow the simple rules of care. It is also a very useful plant that will help you take care of your health.
Useful properties of jasmine
Jasmine is not only an outwardly attractive, but also a very useful plant used in folk and official medicine to treat a number of diseases. True, not all of its species are suitable for this. Only multi-flowered and medicinal jasmines have healing properties.
- These types of plants perform such important functions:
- ionize indoor air;
- improve well-being, calm, normalize sleep;
- fragrant tea is prepared from their dried flowers;
- they are used to aromatize bathtubs and special pillows to improve sleep;
- of them make essential oil, which is included in the composition of perfumes, various creams, as well as massage products;
- due to its composition, they have anti-inflammatory, antiseptic and antibacterial effects;
- used in official medicine for the manufacture of drugs for hepatitis, cirrhosis and various gynecological diseases;
- jasmine preparations are taken for hypotension and allergies;
- are one of the components of many dietary supplements;
- used for washing the eyes;
- help treat scurvy and purify blood;
- flower-leaf decoction treat diseases of the upper respiratory tract;
- the scent of flowers cheers up;
- jasmine flower decoction stimulates lactation, and the infusion of the leaves inhibits it, but to find out their exact concentration, you must always consult a doctor, otherwise the effect may be reversed.
Important! Jasmine can not be placed in the bedroom, because with prolonged inhalation of its aroma, the head can become ill.
Home jasmine has another equally important property - it is an excellent honey plant. When using drugs and folk medicine based on jasmine, it must be borne in mind that it is contraindicated in hypertensive patients, as well as those who suffer from stomach ulcers.
In addition, be sure to make sure that you do not have an individual intolerance to this plant before use. And, of course, before taking a consultation with a doctor is necessary. Jasmine essential oil should not be consumed in its purest form.. It must be diluted with water in a proportion of not less than 1: 5.
What are the types
There are several varieties of indoor jasmine, and here are the most famous of them:
- Jasmine multiflora. This is a highly branched shrub up to 2 m high. Its leaves are dark green, oval, with a pointed edge. There are many flowers, they form loose inflorescences from above on the shoots. The flowers have a tubular shape, they are five-lobed. The buds are pink, and when blooming, they turn white. The smell of this species is very strong, it is noticeable even at a distance. Flowering continues from February to August.
- The thinnest jasmine - A variety of multiflorous. This species is represented by bushes with down shoots. Its leaves are heart-shaped, below - slightly pubescent and lighter than above, has white flowers with 8 petals. This variety blooms from January to March.
- Medicinal jasminewhich is a perennial creeper. It has thin and long shoots, and the leaves are oblong-lanceolate. Above they are slightly darker than below. White flowers on long peduncles are collected in umbrellas.
- Large flowered. This is a vine growing in nature up to 10 m.Its leaves are pinnate, elliptical, slightly pointed. It blooms from June to October with white flowers.
- Jasmine bis. This vine is special in that it belongs to evergreens. It grows to 2 m. Shoots have grooves. Leaves lanceolate, slightly pubescent, dark green, bright. It blooms in May, beautiful bright pink flowers grow 3 each in whorls located on the tops of the shoots. They have a very persistent aroma.
- Blueflower. This is a shrub with elegant, low-branched shoots and small, bright green leaves. He has very bright yellow flowers, located singly in his sinuses.
- Jasmine sambac. The branches of this species are lignified, pubescent, in nature can reach 6 m. The leaves are ovate, sometimes collected in whorls of 3 pieces. Inflorescences-brushes are formed of 3-5 white flowers. They are slightly terry, like roses or camellias, have a very bright aroma. Sambak can bloom for quite some time, from March to October.
How to care for jasmine indoor
Jasmine home is not very whimsical in care, but still you need to know the main rules for caring for it, because their non-observance leads to yellowing and decay of parts of the plant, and sometimes to its complete death.
Important! You need to be careful when buying flowers in an unverified place, because there may be pests on them that will settle on all of your domestic plants.
Jasmine indoor loves to grow warm, therefore the most suitable air temperature for it in summer and spring, helping to ensure proper growth and abundant flowering, is +17 ... + 25 ° С. In principle, it is the same as on the street, so additional heating of the room in which jasmine grows is not required at this time.
In winter, it is advisable to maintain the temperature at the level of +15 ... + 20 ° С. You can lower it a little lower if necessary, but not very much, because from the cold the sheets can turn yellow and crumble.
Video: Jasmine Sambac at home
Good growth and flowering of jasmine is impossible without normal lighting. In the warmer months, natural light will be sufficient. To do this, it is advisable to put the flower on the windowsill or take out on the balcony. The main thing is that the sun's rays do not fall directly on him, but are slightly scattered.
In those times of the year when daylight hours are relatively short, you need to take care of artificial lighting. In summer, jasmine should be in the sun for about 12 hours a day, in winter 8 will be enough.
Jasmine soil is better to buy in specialized stores. The substrate that they sell already contains all the necessary nutrients. You can, of course, set the stage on your own. To do this, peat, sand, turf and sheet soil are taken in equal proportions.
This mixture must be decontaminated so that there are no pathogenic bacteria and insect pest larvae. To do this, it is calcined or watered with a solution of potassium permanganate.
Periodically, the soil should be acidified with citric acid or vinegar and prevent the ingress of lime, which is very harmful to jasmine. The most suitable soil for the flower is slightly acidic or neutral, in too alkaline it cannot grow.
Watering and feeding
This flower needs to be watered regularly, but water stagnation should not be allowed. To do this, drain and drain the water from the pan on which it remains after irrigation. On warm days, the flower is watered when the topsoil has dried up, in the fall - a little less. In winter, it is necessary to produce no more than one or two waterings per week, because excess moisture at low temperatures often leads to diseases.
Water for irrigation is suitable only for standing, because the tap flows too hard. Once a month it needs to be acidified with 1 tsp. vinegar per 1 liter, and if you want to get a good long flowering, you need to dilute 3 grains of citric acid in 1 liter of water and water the plant with this solution.
Feeding indoor jasmine should begin after the first buds appear and continue throughout flowering. To do this, it is advisable to choose liquid fertilizers designed specifically for flowering plants. Top dressing is carried out once a week, and stops immediately after the flowering of jasmine.
Since indoor jasmine is a winding vine, it can be given any kind of appearance with the help of forming scraps. Small bushes, whose height is not more than 50 cm, can not be cut. It will be enough just to pinch the tops of the shoots so that they branch better.
Adult plants are pruned every year before active growth begins. The shoots are shortened by a third or half length, and also remove all branches that are too elongated, dry and those on which the leaves are small, sparse and look unhealthy. The more often and actively prune jasmine, the better it blooms and looks healthier.
Pest and Disease Control
Diseases and pests appear only in those cases when the flower is improperly looked after. The slightest violations in the temperature regime, the schedule of irrigation and top dressing, as well as a lack or excess of lighting can lead to such problems.
Treatment should be started as early as possible. First of all, remove all damaged parts of the plant. If this is not enough, you will have to spray the flower with a soap solution or insecticides. The main thing: to prevent diseases and the appearance of pests, and for this you need to follow all the rules for care, as well as timely preventive examinations and sanitary trimming of the plant.
Why do jasmine leaves turn yellow
Yellowing leaves of indoor jasmine is a fairly common problem, but it can be eliminated. The main thing: to know what factors contribute to its occurrence.
The main causes of yellowing of jasmine leaves:
- Inadequate lighting, which affects the decrease in brightness of the green color, which in the future can even lead to leaf decay. To avoid this problem, it is necessary to put the flower in a sunny place, and on cloudy days to provide artificial lighting.
- Excessive direct sunlight causing burns. To protect the flower in the hottest time of the day, you need to remove it in a less lighted place.
- Inconsistency of the temperature regime with the requirements of the plant. The temperature in the room where jasmine grows should not exceed + 25 ° С and not be lower than + 15 ° С.
- Too hard water used to water the flower. It must be replaced with soft, settled or filtered.
- Stagnant water in the pot, which is easily eliminated by creating a drainage layer at the bottom of the tank.
- Low humidity indoors. It is eliminated by regular spraying of the plant with warm boiled water.
- The presence of pests, which will help get rid of special tools.
In order to prevent yellowing of jasmine indoor, it is necessary to inspect it regularly, conduct sanitary pruning of dried shoots and leaves, and also follow all the rules for caring for this plant.
Reasons for falling buds
The reasons for the fall of indoor jasmine buds are insufficient lighting, too alkaline soil, hard water, non-compliance with temperature conditions and pests.
To avoid this problem, you must follow these simple rules:
- Maintain the temperature in the room where the flower grows at a level of +15 ... + 24 ° С.
- When the first buds appear, put the pot in a place with diffused light.
- During flowering, water and spray plants more often.
- Carry out regular preventive examinations of leaves and buds for pests.
- Humidify the air in the room where jasmine grows.
- Defend water for irrigation or use rainwater.
- Buy substrate and seedlings in specialized stores.
- Avoid lowering the acidity of the soil.
- In time, start pest control and remove diseased parts of the plant.
Did you know? In ancient times, jasmine was called the "impostor" because they could not determine what type of plants it belongs to.
How to transplant jasmine homemade
Every year, only young plants are transplanted, but adults need a transplant once every 2-3 years. The procedure itself is simple and consists in making a thick drainage layer and pouring on top a layer of soil suitable for acidity and composition.
You can buy a special substrate or make a mixture of peat, turf and leaf soil, as well as sand. All components are taken in equal proportions, and then they are necessarily disinfected. After planting, it is necessary to maintain high humidity in the room where jasmine grows.
When you transplant a flower, the diameter of the container should not be increased by more than 2-3 cm.
When there is too much free space in the pot, the soil may begin to sour due to disturbance in breathability and stagnation of water. But if the roots of the plant completely braid the substrate - it feels good and develops correctly.
Propagation of indoor jasmine can be done independently at home with the help of cuttings, layering, as well as seed method. The simplest and most effective method is cuttings, but sometimes others are also used.
Seed propagation does not guarantee that the flower will be exactly the way you want, because the seeds of hybrid varieties of jasmine do not preserve the characteristics of an adult plant. But if the variety is not so important for you, you can experiment. In this case, it is advisable to buy seeds in specialized stores already processed and fully prepared for planting.
In spring, cuttings from lignified, powerful, non-flowering shoots are cut. Leave at least 3 internodes from the apex. In summer, cuttings are taken from young green shoots, which also have no flowers, as well as in spring. Of the slices should be oblique. Cuttings are planted in a soil mixture, which includes peat and sand in equal proportions, immersed in the ground by about 2 cm.
For better rooting, sections should preferably be treated with a growth stimulant. It is also necessary to maintain the temperature in the room at + 20 ° C. About a month later, when the cuttings take root, they can be planted in separate containers up to 5 cm in diameter.
Did you know? There is a legend that this flower came from the ashes of Princess Jasmine, who died due to an unrequited love for the sun god.
Next, you need to wait until the roots completely braid the entire substrate. After that, it will be possible to change the primary tank to a larger pot (about 10 cm). Further transplantation is carried out every year. And after 3 years, the flower can be grown as an adult plant, and replanted no more than once every 2-3 years.
Video: planting jasmine seedlings
To get layering of indoor jasmine, you need to make oblique cuts on the shoots in the internodes. After this, the incisions are wrapped with moist moss or substrate. And then you need to constantly maintain humidity, and after about a month the first roots will appear.
You can also put a pot with suitable soil next to the flower and dig one or several shoots into it, after making cuts on them. It is advisable to cut off the ends of the buried shoots, leaving only a couple of sheets above the soil.
Next you need to pour them and cover with plastic wrap. For better rooting, layering requires constant watering and heat. It is advisable at this time to put the pots on a warm windowsill so that it is heated from below.
After the young shoots take root in a new place, it will be possible to carefully cut off their secateurs from the mother plant and transplant them into separate pots of suitable size.
Jasmine indoor has many varieties that differ in appearance and properties. But they all have one thing in common - a pleasant aroma. This culture is unpretentious in leaving, therefore it is not difficult to grow it. The main thing: remember the rules for planting, propagating and transplanting into a new pot, as well as the requirements for soil and growing conditions.