The subtleties of caring for primrose after flowering
The tenderness of the floral variety of numerous varieties and hybrids of primroses is evident from any corner of the estate. The primrose appears in early spring and gazes with its beauty until the end of summer. Some varieties bloom cyclically until the October cold. And when the flower stalks fade, a winter-hardy plant for a long time attracts with decorative corrugated foliage collected in a thick rosette. The flowering of the next year depends on the favorableness of its environment in the autumn-winter period. How to care for a perennial garden after budding, learn further from the article.
Should primrose be cut after flowering
When the primrose fades and dry leaves appear on the bush, its decorativeness is significantly reduced. Many flower growers, following the example of peonies and phloxes, completely cut off the aerial part of the flower, thus cleaning the garden from non-aesthetic fragments. And this is the main mistake in caring for the primrose.
Did you know? In Germany, there is an ancient belief that a girl who found a wild primrose on Easter holidays will definitely get married this year. Therefore, the Germans call the plant "the flower of marriage."
Leaf pruning is relevant for primrose only in spring, when snow melts. In autumn, this is absolutely impossible to do. The fact is that after budding, the culture begins to actively increase the leaf outlet. Under the influence of cold weather, it falls to the ground, protecting even the dry root system from adverse external factors. This is a kind of natural shelter for primrose.
In specimens with prematurely cut leaves, the bush grows smaller, flowering decreases, and natural decorativeness is lost
Primrose care in the fall
Faded rosettes of "keys" require more delicate and unobtrusive care. Immediately after flowering, in order to stimulate winter-hardy qualities, they are intensively watered every day. After 3-4 weeks of this regimen, moisturizing procedures are minimized up to once a month. The exception is only the bushes divided during transplantation. It is important to control the level of soil moisture beneath them, preventing bogging and drying of the surface crust.
Important! When the primrose grows large, forming new outlets, it must be divided. Such bush transplants are best done in spring or late summer after flowering.
When growing primrose in open ground, an important task for a gardener in the autumn is to loosen the soil and clear the area of weeds.
If the garden substrate is depleted, peat, humus or leafy soil scattered at the planting site will not be out of place. These components for perennials are a source of strength and energy. Make sure that the foliage and the core of the outlet do not fall under the soil mixture. Otherwise, culture will perish.
Video: What to look for when caring for primrose in the fall
From July to the end of September, primrose need complex mineral fertilizers. They are used at the rate of 10–20 g per square meter, applied once a month after flowering.
According to the reviews of experienced gardeners, they have proven themselves well:
- "Yara Mila";
- “Fertika. Garden. Fall".
Did you know? In ancient times, primrose was considered the medicinal flower of Olympus: it was called the dodecateon (flower of 12 gods) and it was believed that it was the cure for all ailments.
How to prepare for winter
The degree of preparation for wintering primrose depends on their biological classification. Some species do not require additional care before winter. More delicate varieties must necessarily be covered with fallen leaves and agrofibre. And hybrid varieties must be transplanted annually with an earthen lump into wooden boxes for storage indoors.
Primrose is unique due to the harmonious combination of its simplicity, undemanding and sophisticated delicate beauty. They have high winter hardiness. But often excessive guardianship and ignorance of novice gardeners lead to freezing of bushes.
To prevent this from happening, organize all the preparatory work according to the algorithm below:
- Remove debris and unnecessary vegetation from the flowerbed. Under the snow cover weeds can stagnate, thereby provoking putrefactive infections. Be careful not to damage the outlet and its foliage with working equipment.Never cut it.
- Loosen the soil well on the plot and water it abundantly.
- Distribute humus on the root circle of the primroseleaving the rosette core visible. Especially this manipulation is relevant for delicate varieties.
- When the air temperature drops to -10 ° C, cover the plants with agrofibre or spruce branches. In the second case, make sure that the thickness of the coniferous shelter reaches 7–10 cm. An alternative variant of insulation is dry straw, hay. In regions with snowy winters, this manipulation loses its meaning. If the thickness of winter precipitation ranges from 25–70 cm, you can not worry about the safety of the flower. If there is little snow, pour it on the flower bed manually.
Remember that primrose does not need pruning before winter. The only exceptions are non-frost resistant varieties that will be stored in containers during the cold season. All the aboveground part is subject to their removal.
With the onset of spring, observe how the melting of snow passes - the primrose should not vytryat under the ice crust. Destroy it so that water flows freely
Primrose is particularly popular in floriculture, due to its unpretentiousness in care, early flowering and bright beauty. Competent and timely care by them, as well as compliance with elementary agrotechnical rules is the key to the full development of a perennial.