Cypress pea Philifera Nana: description of the plant, its planting and care
Pea cypress Filifera Nana is distinguished by attractive external characteristics and small dimensions. Before starting to grow a plant, it is necessary to dwell in more detail on its botanical features, as well as the level of exacting care.
Botanical description of the plant
Chamaecyparis pisifera Filifera Nana is a dwarf evergreen shrub. It grows very slowly. By the age of 25, its height is about 0.5 m. The bush grows predominantly in breadth. In diameter, it can reach 90 cm.
Did you know? A close ancient relative of the cypress is cypress-like cypress. The oldest instance of such a plant was found at the location of the Greek Sparta, and its approximate age is estimated at 3000 years.
The crown of the plant is lush, hemispherical. Shoots initially grow straight, then wilt at the ends, due to which the bush resembles a green fountain. The bark of the old branches is reddish-brown, young - a shade lighter. The shoots are densely covered with soft needles, painted in a saturated green color. Flowering is almost imperceptible. Small spike-shaped inflorescences of white color appear on the branches. It seems that the branches are covered with hoarfrost.
The Filifer group also includes a couple of varieties:
- Gracilis - its height can reach 3 m, and the needles are painted in light green;
- Aurea - unlike the described plant, this shrub has golden needles.
To begin with, it is worth choosing a territory for growing vegetation. This species does not tolerate severe shading and abundant sunlight. The ideal option is partial shade. It is also worth paying attention to the location of groundwater. They should not be closer than 1.5 m from the soil level.
Important! Grade Mantle of Nana can be grown at home in a pot. But to ensure the required level of lighting, it will be necessary to equip the room with Bio lamps.
Site preparation is standard, as for all plants:
- digging to a depth of 30 cm;
- spraying with a solution of copper sulfate 3% concentration;
- a week later, re-digging to a depth of 20 cm with a preliminary application of 10 kg of compost, hardwood humus, peat and sand (1: 1) for each m².
In the spring a week before planting, the soil on the site will again need to be loosened to a depth of about 10 cm. Landing should be carried out in April, when a stable positive temperature is established.
Important! When planting a variety of cypress Fillifer Nahn, do not shake the roots of the earthen lump in which they are located. Otherwise, the plant will be more difficult to take root, in addition, there is a risk of damage to the thin root processes.
Description of landing stages:
- Dig a hole 90 cm deep a week before planting, the width should be 2 times the root system. When several specimens are planted, a distance of at least 1 m is left between the wells.
- Immediately before planting at the bottom of the pit lay a drainage layer of 15 cm, then a layer of soil from the pit mixed with compost 1: 1. Pour hot water (+ 50 ° С).
- As soon as the liquid is absorbed, form a hill in the center of the hole. Place a plant on it.
- Align to the root neck - it should rise 5 cm above the ground. Fill the voids with soil.
- Seal the trunk circle, then pour 10 liters of water at room temperature.
- When the moisture is absorbed, mulch - mix peat with sawdust 1: 1 and lay the mixture around the trunk with a layer of 5 cm.
Video: cypress landing
One of the advantages of this variety of cypress is its simplicity.The plant will need minimal care.
It consists in the implementation of standard agricultural measures:
- Watering and fertilizing.
- Soil care, consisting in loosening and mulching.
- Preparing for the winter.
- Prevention and treatment (if necessary) of diseases, elimination of pests.
Watering and feeding
The plant needs moderate watering. Hydrate 2 times a week. Perform manipulation in the evening. In parallel with watering in the summer (it is not necessary in spring and autumn), branches are irrigated with a finely dispersed spray gun.
For feeding use specialized fertilizers for conifers. Feeding Florizel - Conifers is a good fit. Use it according to the instructions.
This type of trim requires only sanitary. Manipulation involves the removal of dried, growing inside the crown, damaged mechanically or diseases / pests of branches.
Did you know? Of conifers, Lambert pine has the largest fruits. Her cones reach 60 cm in length.
Loosening and mulching
Loosening is carried out every 2 weeks. It is not worth digging more than 5 cm, so as not to damage the roots. This will provide oxygen access to the root system, and also eliminate the risks of soil bobbing.
Mulching is carried out after loosening. The layer is just updated every time, adding a settled amount of mulch. This procedure is necessary to preserve moisture in the soil, and also plays the role of additional fertilizing. As mulch, you can use sawdust, compost, peat, sand.
The variety of cypress mushrooms of Philifer Nan is quite frost-resistant, therefore, does not need winter shelter. The only thing that needs to be foreseen in advance is the protection of the roots. To do this, after the last watering in the fall (2 weeks before the onset of frost), increase the amount of mulch. The layer height should be about 8 cm.
Possible diseases and pests
This plant is quite resistant to diseases and pests. But with improper care, it can undergo root rot. If the disease is diagnosed in a timely manner, the bush should immediately be transplanted to a new place, having previously removed all the rotted parts of the root. But there is very little chance of recovery, as the variety has low growth power. In advanced cases, the plant dries out completely.
Of the pests on this vegetation, scabies and a spider mite most often settle. To combat the former, they use Nuprid, and the latter use Nissaron. Drugs are diluted according to the instructions on the package.
As a prophylaxis of diseases and pests, at the end of the season, branches and soil are sprayed around a 1% solution of copper sulfate. A year later, iron sulfate in the same concentration is used instead. Also in autumn, in parallel with the last watering, it will not be superfluous to carry out spraying with magnesium sulfate in 1% concentration. This will make it possible to increase the immunity of the plant.
Did you know? The needles of the cypress exude a delicate pleasant aroma that has a beneficial effect on the human nervous system.
The use of wood in landscape design
In landscape design, a single landing is practiced. Also, the bushes look great in group compositions. They are often planted when creating Japanese gardens, rock gardens, rockeries. Good bushes look near the house, along the curbs.
The low bush of cypress pea Nana will fit perfectly into any landscape composition. Its main advantages are high frost resistance and unpretentiousness in care.