Description of Weigela Nana Purpurea, planting and care
Weigela is one of the most popular ornamental plants that is actively used to decorate the landscape. He is loved by designers, summer residents, gardeners because of the abundant and lush flowering. This culture was also liked by breeders who are breeding more and more new varieties with flowering in different colors. The nuances of growing one of the most beautiful varietal specimens - Nana purple - will be discussed in the article.
If a beautiful plentifully flowering and not too whimsical plant is required to decorate a country or personal plot, then it is worth paying attention to the flowering wigela. To begin with, you should familiarize yourself with the description of several varieties and choose the most suitable.
Weigela florida Nana Purpurea (Weigela florida Nana Purpurea) is a deciduous beautifully flowering shrub. On the site, it is able to occupy a small area, since it has compact dimensions - it grows up to 1 m in height and up to 1.2 m in width. The crown of the plant is thick, spreading, resembles a ball in shape.
Flowering occurs in June. Duration - about one month. Under favorable conditions and quality care, the plant can bloom until September, but less luxuriantly. Flowers are formed on last year's shoots. Their shape is bell-shaped. The largest flowers reach 3-4 cm in length. They are collected in several pieces in inflorescences. The petals are dark pink.
In addition to flowers, leaves give beauty to bushes. They are painted in an unusual brownish-red hue. When grown in sunny areas, they become completely brown. Their edges have small notches. A feature of the variety is that the foliage does not fall for a long time. The shoots of the described plant grow directly, painted in gray-brown color. The root system is well developed.
Purple Weigela has the following characteristics:
- slow growth - over a year the plant adds 10-15 cm in height and width;
- moisture lovingness;
- unpretentiousness to the composition of the soil and care;
- good degree of frost resistance - up to –23.3 ° C;
- resistance to winds;
- sensitivity to drought and stagnation of water.
Did you know? The largest collection of species and varieties of Weigela in the world is located in the Sheffield Botanical Garden (Great Britain).
In order for the weigela to grow well and bloom regularly, it must be planted correctly. This means that for growing you need to choose a good place, taking into account the preferences of this decorative culture. You also need to properly prepare the site and "meet" the recommended landing time. When planting, technology must be followed.
It is better to plant Weigel Nana Purpurea in April-May. At this time, as a rule, warm weather is already being established, and the earth is warming well. During spring planting, the plant adapts faster and more successfully, starts moving, tolerates winter cold well. It is not forbidden to plant a Weigel in the fall. But this must be done no later than mid-October. For planting, it is worth choosing a seedling 3 years old, with a well-developed root system and the presence of 2-3 strong shoots.
Suitable location and soil preparation
Well-lit areas are suitable for flowering weigela. It can grow in partial shade, while remaining also decorative. This shrub is suitable for growing in temperate regions.
It grows well in the middle lane, however, only subject to certain nuances, including:
- landing on a hill;
- good lighting;
- a sufficient distance from neighboring plants that do not cover the bush with their shadow.
At the site where Nana Purpurea's Weigela is planned to be grown, groundwater should not lie close. Stagnant moisture is harmful to her. For the same reason, you can not plant a decorative shrub in the lowlands. Before planting, the site should be prepared: clear of plant debris, dig deeply onto the shovel's bayonet. These procedures will reduce the risk of contracting diseases and pests.
The described variety tolerates planting in almost all garden soils. Feels better in moist, rich and well-drained soils with an acidic, neutral or slightly alkaline reaction. Good growth in this plant is observed in loamy and clay soils. Does not take root in saline soils.
The hole in which the seedling will be placed should be prepared well before planting. If planting occurs in the spring, it is best to dig it in the fall, after preparing the site. When planting in the spring, it is excavated in 2-3 weeks. A 50 × 50 × 50 cm pit is suitable for a weigela. To fill a hole, it is necessary to prepare a nutritious soil mixture.
- turf (2 parts);
- leaf humus (2 hours);
- sand (1 hour).
Important! When planting weigels in open ground, you need to control that the root neck is located at the same level with the soil surface.
To properly place a seedling in open ground, you need to do these steps:
- Line the bottom of the pit with a 15-cm drainage layer using gravel or coarse sand.
- Lay out a low layer of prepared soil mixture on top. It is advisable to make a small hill.
- Drive the landing stake in the center of the hole.
- Put a seedling next to it.
- Spread the root system.
- Fill the hole to the top with a soil mixture.
- Trample slightly.
- Dig a small furrow at a distance of 20–25 cm from the trunk along the entire circumference of the trunk circle.
- Gently pour 10 liters of water into it.
- Garter the trunk of the seedling to the planting stake.
- After the soil has settled slightly, add it to the desired amount.
If you plan to plant more than one plant, then between the bushes it is necessary to leave a distance of 2-3 m. When creating a hedge, several seedlings are planted at a distance of 1.5–2.5 m.
Despite the apparent capriciousness and whimsicality, weigel does not require much time and effort from the owner. Periodic moistening and top dressing, loosening, weeding and mulching of the near-trunk zone are enough for her. In order for the crown to look well-groomed and have a healthy appearance, it must be regularly trimmed. For winter, it is desirable to shelter the plant.
Watering and feeding
It is good for wiegels when the soil is always in a slightly moistened state. Therefore, the watering regime should be adjusted in such a way as to achieve this. The frequency and volume of humidification will depend on climatic and weather conditions, soil composition, and age of the plant. Low humidity significantly affects the abundance and duration of flowering.
When irrigation is not necessary to go to extremes - too wet soil. Such conditions can lead to decay and death of the bush. Weigel will be able to bloom beautifully and for a long time with regular fertilizing.
She needs 3 top dressings per season:
- In early spring, in the snow - with urea or Kemira Wagon (100-200 g / m²).
- During budding, potash fertilizers without chlorine or the finished complex mixture, in which nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium are present in equal amounts.
- In August - potassium-containing agents.
Important! Fertilizers should be applied only to moistened soil. If they get into dry ground, they burn the roots of the plant.
Loosening and mulching of the earth
In order to prevent the formation of a hard crust on the earth's surface, which impedes the normal flow of moisture and oxygen to the roots, the soil in the near-stem zone must be periodically loosened. It is better to do this after each watering and rainfall. However, you can do with two or three procedures during the growing season. Loosening is necessary shallow, since the root system of the plant is located in the surface soil layer, and it can be damaged. The recommended depth of cultivation is up to 8 cm.
Mulching the trunk circle with dry foliage, straw, hay, peat, sawdust, bark, and needles will help maintain the optimum level of soil moisture and reduce the time it takes to care for decorative crops. Carrying out this procedure regularly, you can less often water the plant, weed and loosen the ground. The site must be kept clean. As necessary, weed should be weeded out, which are the spread of harmful microorganisms and pests.
Trimming and Shaping
Weigel pruning begins when it grows in the ground for 2-3 years. This culture needs sanitary, shaping and anti-aging scraps. After winter, you should remove broken, frozen, dry, twisted shoots. In mid-summer, after the inflorescences have faded, they begin to form a crown. Once every 3-4 years, it is worth rejuvenating the bush by cutting 1/3 all branches that are more than three years old. As a rule, weigela tolerates a haircut and quickly recovers after this procedure.
Trimming should only be done with a sanitized tool. Each time after cutting one plant, pruning shears, scissors, a saw must be treated with a disinfectant, such as alcohol, or calcined with fire. Slices should be lubricated with copper sulfate and garden varieties or with special RanNet paste.
Shelter bush for the winter
When the plant drops its leaves, it must be prepared for winter. Preparation consists in tying the branches to the trunk and arranging shelter from spruce branches or agrofibre. Be sure to shelter young bushes. But the old ones in regions with a warm climate can winter without warming. So that the root system tolerates winter well, the trunk circle is covered with a 10-centimeter layer of mulch.
Weigel can be propagated in two ways: seed and vegetative. In the first method, varietal properties cannot be preserved. In addition, seed propagation is a lengthy and troublesome process. Therefore, gardeners often resort to separation of layering and cuttings. You can also breed Weigel undergrowth.
If the decision is made to propagate by seeds, it is better to collect them yourself and sow, or leave those that have crumbled in the ground. Planting planting material in boxes and a greenhouse is impractical. Such germination will last a long time, it will require a lot of effort. With natural seed propagation, seed germination will occur in the spring. You should leave the strongest sprouts, wait until they develop a good root system, and transplant to a permanent place.
Reproduction by layering is the easiest way. For him, choose a strong escape from the lower tier, which is bent to the ground and dug up. In the place where the branch contacts the soil, a small cut of the bark is made. In spring, roots and a seedling should form on this site. It should be carefully separated from the mother plant and planted for growing. It is necessary to grow a young seedling for 3 years, after which it can be transplanted to a permanent place of growth.
For propagation, green cuttings and last year's semi-lignified are suitable. Young planting material is harvested in late June. Mature cuttings are cut in early spring, before sap flow begins. The strongest shoots are selected and sections of 10-15 cm are separated from them.
Then they act according to this scheme:
- Remove all lower leaves.
- Upper - shorten by ½.
- The lower cut is kept in the root-forming agent, for example, “Kornevin”.
- Place the cuttings 1 cm deep into the soil mixture composed of sand and peat, and covered with a layer of sand 4 cm.
- The upper part of the planting material is covered with a glass or plastic container, creating the effect of a mini-greenhouse.
In the future, the cuttings are opened daily to give an influx of fresh air. As the soil dries, it is moistened. When new leaves appear, shelter is removed. When the first shoot appears, pinch it to stimulate tillering. A stalk with a well-developed root system is moved to a permanent place. The best age for planting is 3 years.
Use in landscape design
In landscape design, purple weigel is used to compose single and group compositions, create hedges, borders. It can be planted in summer cottages, garden plots, used for landscaping settlements. Nana variety is combined with many decorative cultures, for example, with barberry, cotoneaster, spirea, mock up, Japanese quince, juniper, western arborvita, boxwood. It is suitable for growing in containers.
Diseases and Pests
If mistakes are made during the cultivation of flowering weigela, then diseases and pests can affect it.
In order to prevent this situation, it is important to observe preventive measures, which include:
- Cleaning the site of plant debris before wintering.
- Digging in the near-stem zone in the fall.
- Selection for planting healthy seedlings.
- Establishing the correct moisturizing regime.
- Strengthening immunity by applying mineral dressings.
- Regular weed removal.
- Cutting with disinfected garden tools.
- Preventive spraying with fungicides and insecticides.
Did you know? The most expensive flower today is the Shenzhen Nongke Orchid. In 2005, she went under the hammer for 202 thousand dollars.
Compliance with the above measures will not be able to completely protect the flower from harmful microorganisms and insects, but it will significantly reduce the risk of damage. If it was not possible to avoid the problem, then it is important to identify the ailment in a timely manner, correctly diagnose based on the characteristic symptoms and begin treatment. To determine what disease struck the plant, the information in the table will help:
|Disease name||Symptoms of lesion||Treatment methods|
|Anthracnose||Processing “Fitosporin-M”, “Gamair”, “Skor”, “Ridomil Gold”, “Fundazol” (according to the instructions).|
|Powdery mildew||The appearance of white powdery coating on the leaves.||The use of drugs "Skor", "Maxim", "Quadris", "Radomil Gold."|
Damage by harmful insects can also be determined by certain signs and changes in the appearance of the plant. The greatest danger to weigels is represented by such parasites:
|Pest name||Symptoms of lesion||Treatment methods|
|Khrushchev||Withering of a plant.||Watering the soil with Aktara, Karbofos.|
The variety of Weigela Nana Purpurea is worthy to decorate any house area.It has a number of positive characteristics, such as beautiful plentiful flowering, good frost resistance, unpretentiousness to the composition of the soil. To successfully cultivate it, you must follow the recommendations regarding the choice of place, planting and care technology.