Description and features of violet care North Rhododendron
Delicate and sensual violets are popular with lovers of indoor plants for simple care and the beauty of flowering. Entire collections are created from them, exhibitions are dedicated to them and hundreds of new varieties are annually bred. Anyone can create a mini-greenhouse of colorful species on his windowsill, where everyone has his own temperament and features. Someone loves bright variegated varieties, and someone will like the touching Northern Rhododendron with pink impregnation of petals and air-bordered.
Description and features of the variety
Violet belongs to the genus of plants of the family Violet class Dicotyledonous. The flower has more than 700 species and an uncountable number of varieties. In the natural environment they grow mainly in the Northern part of the Hemisphere in a mountainous region with a temperate climate, and in home growing are popular on all continents. Violets are perennial or annual herbaceous plants with cirrus and dissected leaves.
Flowers of a single type are 4-5 cm in diameter, in large varieties up to 8 cm. Depending on the species, they are double, semi-double, simple, corrugated and wavy. Leaves of a rounded or heart-shaped form are covered with villi, can be monophonic dark green in color or with a spotty color. The fruit is a small box with small seeds and a germ.
Did you know? One of the most unusual varieties of violets is Gray-haired Ocean. Its small white-violet roses with each bloom reduce the amount of white hue, and after a few years, the initially delicate flower acquires an aggressive dark purple color.
Variety ND North Rhododendron received the abbreviation of a breeder and is distinguished by large flowers with terry fringing. This is a delicate white flower with a pink glow. The leaves are rounded, leathery, saturated green in color with a wavy rim of light green hue, which recedes 0.5-1.5 cm wide.
Violet blooms with a magnificent bouquet of 8-9 months throughout the year. The beginning of flowering occurs at the end of winter - the beginning of spring, and the dormant period is November - February. A neat smooth outlet - compact and variegated.
All varieties of violets need the same care, so if you have a whole collection on your windowsill, agricultural techniques can be performed immediately for all copies. Caring for plants will not take much time and if everything is done correctly, you will be thanked twice.
In order for the rosette of the full-blooming violet to develop correctly and delight the beauty for as long as possible, several components must be provided for caring for the North Rhododendron variety:
- soil mixture;
- pot size;
- top dressing.
Important! It should be remembered that the norm of light for violets North Rhododendron is 13-14 hours a day, so in winter, the day must be "extended" with the help of fluorescent lamps.
Violets are very photophilous plants and without proper observance of this criterion, they can stop blooming and completely go down. If you understand that you cannot provide the flowers with the necessary abundance of light, it is better not to undertake their cultivation at all.
However, direct sunlight can play a trick and cause burns on the leaves, so the ideal lighting for violets is soft and diffused. The plant will feel good on the northern windowsill, away from central heating batteries. When located in the southern room, the pot must be set aside from the windowsill or shaded with curtains.
A tremulous flower is sensitive to soil components, so ordinary garden soil will not suit him.To solve the problem, you can resort to buying a ready-made soil mixture intended for violets. But, in order to better absorb water during irrigation by the substrate and transfer moisture to the plant, it is better to prepare the mixture yourself.
To do this, sift the garden soil, add sand to it in a ratio of 3: 1 and keep it in the oven for a short time to destroy pathogens. A 1-2 cm thick drainage is placed at the bottom of the pot, the prepared substrate is poured on top and planted.
The root system of the violet is compact, so it does not need a large pot. A container not selected in size can cause difficulties with growth and, in the case of containers that are too bulky, can affect the delay in flowering, and if they are too small, they can stop development. Experts recommend picking up a pot that will be half the size of the outlet.
For an adult flower of the North Rhododendron variety, this will be approximately 10–12 cm in diameter. Watering the plants is done once or twice a week, depending on seasonality. Since the violet belongs to moisture lovers, open containers with water are located next to the pots.
The plant is moody to watering and has a number of nuances prohibiting:
- drops falling on foliage and flowers;
- stagnation of water in the pan.
For irrigation use soft and slightly warm water, which must have settled for a day. Performing the procedure directly into the pot is not recommended; instead, fill the pan with water to a level of 3 cm and hold it for 20 minutes to soak it with moisture, then drain.
Hygiene shower once every two months, but after it the outlet is thoroughly wiped from dripping drops, otherwise the formation of rot is possible.
Like any plant, violet needs “tasty” fertilizing, activating flowering and filling the soil with useful substances.
For this, twice a year, fertilizer is recommended according to the following scheme:
- in the spring, nitrogen complexes are added at the development stage (“Mr. Tsvet”, “Stimovit”, “Gumi-Omi”);
- in the summer during the flowering period, potassium-phosphorus preparations are used ("Clean Leaf", "Alliance", "Agronom Profi").
During dormancy, the plant does not need fertilizing.
Important! A mineral or organic preparation needs strict dosages according to the instructions, otherwise you can get uncontrolled growth, loss of decorative appearance of the outlet and lack of flowering.
The violet variety Northern Rhododendron is able to decorate any room with its modest beauty and delight with lush bloom almost all year round. For its proper cultivation, it is necessary to choose a suitable place, prepare a substrate and remember several basic principles in care, which are common to all violets.